Bone grafts, or regenerative surgery, recreate bone and soft supporting tissues lost due to periodontitis. If you have periodontitis, you may be losing bone support around your teeth. To avoid extractions, your oral surgeon may recommend regrowing the lost bone with a graft.
Bone grafting encourages the body to rebuild the bone and other structures that attach the tooth to the jaw. First, your oral surgeon separates the gums from your teeth in order to gain access to the roots and bone. The roots will be thoroughly cleaned, and the holes in the bone will be filled with a graft material that usually consists of your own bone.
When complete, your oral surgeon will put the gums back in place and stitch them together. Over the next few months, the grafted material will grow and fill in for lost bone and soft tissue.
Bone grafting is commonly used for ridge augmentation. This can recapture the natural contour of your gums and jaw. Ridge Augmentation is especially helpful after the loss of a tooth as a result of trauma. This trauma can include congenital anomalies, infection, or periodontal disease. Achieving support for surrounding restorations or implants may require both hard and soft-tissue reconstruction.
After losing one or more teeth, your gums and jawbone may become indented where the tooth or teeth once were. This occurs because the jawbone recedes when it no longer has to hold a tooth in place. Not only is this indentation unnatural looking, but it also causes the replacement tooth to look too long compared to the adjacent teeth. This can also create an area that is difficult to keep clean.
Ridge augmentation uses bone and tissue-grafting procedures to fill in the indented area of the jaw and gums, which leaves you with a smooth gum line that coexists with your restoration or dental implant.