Oral surgeons like Dr. Davis play a vital role in diagnosing and treating maxillofacial injuries, which can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. At Oral Facial Surgery Institute, we aim to provide an understanding of the various types of maxillofacial injuries and their implications. By increasing your knowledge about these injuries, you can be better equipped to recognize signs and then seek treatment in a timely manner and recognize the importance of cautionary measures. 

What are Maxillofacial Injuries?

Maxillofacial injuries include a range of injuries affecting the facial and oral structures such as bones, soft tissue, and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). They can occur due to various causes, like trauma, accidents, sports injuries, and more. If you suspect a maxillofacial injury, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention to prevent complications and ensure optimal recovery. 

Facial Bone Fractures

Facial bone fractures commonly occur as a result of facial trauma from accidents, falls, or physical altercations. The bones that are frequently involved include the mandible, maxilla, nasal bones, zygomatic bones, and others. Signs of facial bone fractures may include pain, swelling, deformity, difficulty speaking or chewing, and changes in bite alignment. Dr. Davis can diagnose and treat these facial bone fractures, with surgical interventions and providing a post-operative care routine to restore function and aesthetics. 

Soft Tissue Injuries 

Soft tissue injuries refer to damage to the skin, muscles, and other tissues in the maxillofacial region. These injuries can manifest as deep cuts called lacerations, bruising, or abrasions and are often caused by falls, sports injuries, or facial trauma often as a result of a car accident. Symptoms of soft tissue injuries may include bleeding, swelling, bruising, and pain. Proper wound care and management, like cleaning, suturing, and potential reconstructive procedures, is essential for optimal healing and decreasing the risk of infection. 

Dental Injuries

Maxillofacial trauma is often accompanied by dental injuries including, avulsed (knocked-out) teeth, fractured teeth, and luxation or dislocation injuries. Immediate attention is crucial for dental injuries, as delayed treatment can lead to long-term complications. If you are experiencing discomfort, contact our office to schedule an appointment today. Treatment options for these injuries may include dental splinting, a root canal, or dental implant placement, depending on the severity of the injury. Learn more about our reconstructive surgery offerings here

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) Injuries

Maxillofacial trauma can also affect the TMJ joint, which connects the jawbone to the skull. TMJ injuries can cause symptoms such as jaw pain, clicking, or popping sounds, and even restricted jaw movement. Early diagnosis is important to prevent further complications. Treatment options for TMJ injuries may include physical therapy, medication, or surgery, depending on the condition. 


Understanding the different types of maxillofacial injuries is important in recognizing the signs, seeking medical attention, and receiving appropriate treatment. If you suspect a maxillofacial injury, contact our office to consult Dr. Davis for a tailored treatment plan. By prioritizing safety measures and taking preventative actions, you can minimize your risk of maxillofacial injuries. If you are experiencing pain, swelling, or bleeding following a fall or accident, contact our office as soon as possible so we can care for your injuries safely.